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os.h

/*
 * common interface for OS-dependent functions
 */

/*
 * This software is part of the SBCL system. See the README file for
 * more information.
 *
 * This software is derived from the CMU CL system, which was
 * written at Carnegie Mellon University and released into the
 * public domain. The software is in the public domain and is
 * provided with absolutely no warranty. See the COPYING and CREDITS
 * files for more information.
 */

#if !defined(_OS_H_INCLUDED_)

#define _OS_H_INCLUDED_

#include "sbcl.h"
#include "runtime.h"

/* Some standard preprocessor definitions and typedefs are needed from
 * the OS-specific #include files. This is an attempt to document
 * them on 20000729, by WHN the impatient reverse engineer.
 *
 * OS_VM_PROT_READ, OS_VM_PROT_WRITE, OS_VM_PROT_EXECUTE
 *   flags for mmap, mprotect, etc. controlling memory protection
 * os_vm_prot_t
 *   type used for flags for mmap, mprotect, etc.
 *
 * os_vm_address_t
 *   the type used to represent addresses? (dunno why not just void*)
 * os_vm_size_t, os_vm_off_t
 *   corresponding to standard (POSIX?) types size_t, off_t
 * os_context_t
 *   the type used to represent context in a POSIX sigaction SA_SIGACTION
 *   handler, i.e. the actual type of the thing pointed to by the
 *   void* third argument of a handler */

#include "target-os.h"


#define OS_VM_PROT_ALL \
  (OS_VM_PROT_READ | OS_VM_PROT_WRITE | OS_VM_PROT_EXECUTE)

extern os_vm_size_t os_vm_page_size;

/* Do anything we need to do when starting up the runtime environment
 * in this OS. */
extern void os_init(void);

/* Install any OS-dependent low-level signal handlers which are needed
 * by the runtime environment. E.g. the signals raised by a violation
 * of the gencgc write barrier need to be caught at a low level, and
 * they may be SIGSEGV on one OS and SIGBUS on another, so we install
 * them in an OS-dependent way. */
extern void os_install_interrupt_handlers(void);

/* Clear a possibly-huge region of memory using any tricks available to
 * do it efficiently, e.g. possibly unmapping it and then remapping it.
 *
 * FIXME: For the x86 Linux/OpenBSD/FreeBSD ports, I'd be somewhat
 * surprised if bzero() wasn't substantially as efficient as
 * any tricks like this. It might make sense to benchmark it
 * and simplify if the difference isn't too large. */
extern void os_zero(os_vm_address_t addr, os_vm_size_t length);

/* It looks as though this function allocates 'len' bytes at 'addr',
 * or at an OS-chosen address if 'addr' is zero.
 *
 * FIXME: There was some documentation for these functions in
 * "hp-ux.c" in the old CMU CL code. Perhaps move/merge it in here. */
extern os_vm_address_t os_validate(os_vm_address_t addr, os_vm_size_t len);

/* This function seems to undo the effect of os_validate(..). */
extern void os_invalidate(os_vm_address_t addr, os_vm_size_t len);

/* This maps a file into memory, or calls lose(..) for various
 * failures. */
extern os_vm_address_t os_map(int fd,
                        int offset,
                        os_vm_address_t addr,
                        os_vm_size_t len);

/* This presumably flushes the instruction cache, if that can be done
 * explicitly. (It doesn't seem to be an issue for the i386 port,
 * which is all that exists for SBCL. It might be important for some
 * other architecture which CMU CL has been ported to, though. */
extern void os_flush_icache(os_vm_address_t addr, os_vm_size_t len);

/* This sets access rights for an area of memory, e.g.
 * write-protecting a page so that the garbage collector can find out
 * whether it's modified by handling the signal. */
extern void os_protect(os_vm_address_t addr,
                   os_vm_size_t len,
                   os_vm_prot_t protection);

/* This returns true for an address which makes sense at the Lisp level. */
extern boolean is_valid_lisp_addr(os_vm_address_t test);

/* Given a signal context, return the address for storage of the
 * register, of the specified offset, for that context. The offset is
 * defined in the storage class (SC) defined in the Lisp virtual
 * machine (i.e. the file "vm.lisp" for the appropriate architecture). */
os_context_register_t *
os_context_register_addr(os_context_t *context, int offset);

/* FIXME: Pending investigation, this #ifdef stays as alpha. If it
 * turns out that the alpha truly requires this, it can change to
 * ARCH_HAS_FLOAT_REGISTERS (currently #defined in alpha-arch.h -- CSR
 * 2002-02-04 */
#ifdef alpha
os_context_register_t *
os_context_float_register_addr(os_context_t *context, int offset);
#endif

/* Given a signal context, return the address for storage of the
 * program counter for that context. */
os_context_register_t *os_context_pc_addr(os_context_t *context);
#ifdef ARCH_HAS_NPC_REGISTER
os_context_register_t *os_context_npc_addr(os_context_t *context);
#endif
#ifdef ARCH_HAS_LINK_REGISTER
os_context_register_t *os_context_lr_addr(os_context_t *context);
#endif

/* Given a signal context, return the address for storage of the
 * system stack pointer for that context. */
#ifdef ARCH_HAS_STACK_POINTER
os_context_register_t *os_context_sp_addr(os_context_t *context);
#endif
/* Given a signal context, return the address for storage of the
 * signal mask for that context. */
sigset_t *os_context_sigmask_addr(os_context_t *context);

/* (Note that there may be other accessors for os_context_t which
 * depend not only on the OS, but also on the architecture, e.g.
 * getting at EFL/EFLAGS on the x86. Such things are defined in the
 * architecture-dependence files, not the OS-dependence files.) */
   
/* These are not architecture-specific functions, but are instead
 * general utilities defined in terms of the architecture-specific
 * function os_validate(..) and os_invalidate(..).
 *
 * FIXME: os_reallocate(..) is complicated and seems no longer to be
 * used for anything. Perhaps we could delete it? */
extern os_vm_address_t os_allocate(os_vm_size_t len);
extern os_vm_address_t os_allocate_at(os_vm_address_t addr, os_vm_size_t len);
extern os_vm_address_t os_reallocate(os_vm_address_t addr,
                             os_vm_size_t old_len,
                             os_vm_size_t len);
extern void os_deallocate(os_vm_address_t addr, os_vm_size_t len);


/* FIXME: The os_trunc_foo(..) and os_round_foo(..) macros here could
 * be functions. */

#define os_trunc_to_page(addr) \
    (os_vm_address_t)(((long)(addr))&~(os_vm_page_size-1))
#define os_round_up_to_page(addr) \
    os_trunc_to_page((addr)+(os_vm_page_size-1))

#define os_trunc_size_to_page(size) \
    (os_vm_size_t)(((long)(size))&~(os_vm_page_size-1))
#define os_round_up_size_to_page(size) \
    os_trunc_size_to_page((size)+(os_vm_page_size-1))

/* KLUDGE: The errno error reporting system is an ugly nonreentrant
 * botch which nonetheless wasn't too painful in the old days.
 * However, it's obviously not good for multithreaded programs, and n
 * order to accommodate multithreading while retaining the C-level
 * syntax of the old UNIX interface, errno has now been changed from a
 * true variable to a preprocessor definition which is too hairy for
 * us to try to unscrew in Lisp code. Instead, Lisp code calls this
 * service routine to do whatever hackery is necessary in C code, and
 * to return the value in a way that Lisp can understand. */
int os_get_errno(void);

#endif

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